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Companies Act MCA Private Limited Company

Understanding Section 2(68): Definition of "Private Company"

July 16, 2024 by Team Instabizfilings

Blog Details

In the realm of company law, understanding the various classifications and definitions is crucial. One such important definition is that of a "Private Company" as defined under Section 2(68) of the Companies Act. This blog aims to provide a detailed explanation of Section 2(68), shedding light on the characteristics, privileges, and limitations associated with a private company.


Definition of a Private Company:


According to Section 2(68) of the Companies Act, a private company is defined as a company that: Restricts the right to transfer its shares. Limits the number of its members to a maximum of 200 (excluding employees and former employees who are also members). Prohibits any invitation to the public to subscribe to its shares or debentures.


Implications and Privileges of Being a Private Company:


Being classified as a private company comes with several implications and privileges. Some of them include:


  • Ease of Formation: Private companies enjoy a simplified and expedited process of formation compared to public companies. They have more flexibility in terms of compliance requirements, reducing the administrative burden.


  • Limited Liability: Like other types of companies, private companies also offer limited liability protection to their shareholders. The personal assets of shareholders are typically safeguarded in the event of company debts or liabilities.


  • Greater Control: Private companies provide the founders and shareholders with greater control over the decision-making process. This allows for more focused and efficient management of the company's affairs.


  • Confidentiality: Private companies are not obligated to disclose their financial information and other sensitive details to the public, providing an added layer of privacy and confidentiality.


Restrictions and Limitations:


While private companies enjoy certain privileges, they are also subject to specific restrictions and limitations, including:


  • Transfer of Shares: The shares of a private company cannot be freely transferred or traded on the stock exchange. Share transfer is subject to restrictions as outlined in the company's articles of association.


  • Membership Limit: A private company is limited to a maximum of 200 members, excluding employees and former employees who hold shares. This restriction helps maintain the close-knit nature of private companies.


  • Public Offerings: Private companies are prohibited from making public offerings of their shares or debentures. They cannot invite the general public to subscribe to their securities.




Understanding the definition and implications of a "Private Company" as per Section 2(68) of the Companies Act is essential for entrepreneurs, business owners, and professionals operating in the corporate sector. Private companies offer several advantages such as limited liability protection, control over decision-making, and simplified formation processes. However, they are also bound by certain restrictions, including limitations on share transfer and the number of members. By grasping the nuances of this classification, individuals can make informed decisions when structuring their businesses and ensure compliance with the applicable legal framework.


If you have any further queries or require expert guidance on registration of private company or private company regulations, do connect with us at Instabizfilings. Our experienced team is dedicated to providing accurate information and assisting you in navigating the intricacies of company law.

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