A Trademark (“TM”) generally refers to a “brand” or “logo”. Trademark means any sign capable of being represented graphically, and of distinguishing goods and services of one undertaking from those of another. A trademark may consist of words (including personal names), figurative elements, letters, numerals or the shape of goods or their packaging.
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1. Public Search of Trademark for Availability Check
2. Preparation of Power of Attorney
3. Preparation of TM Application
4. Submission of TM Application with Authorities
5. Drafting of Reply letters in case of any query raised by Authorities
6. Appearing for hearings in case of matter set for hearing by Authorities until matter is settled (Except for Opposition Hearings).
Would you desire to establish a name for yourself similar to Apple or Reliance? Of course, if the answer is yes, you are about to begin the process. In the modern corporate world, trademark registration is not just a licence but also a necessity. This is due to the fact that what matters is the brand name, not the corporate name. Simply take a look around you and you will notice that brands like Adani, Pizza Hut, Domino's, Amazon, Flipkart, and others are all around you.
So, if you intend to start a business or are already running one, register your trademark to protect your brand. With Instabizfilings, securing a brand is really simple and just takes one day. Send us an email with your request if you want to protect your brand right away, and a member of our sales team will offer you appropriate advice. All documents may be submitted electronically via email, and payment will be made using a secure payment portal. The trademark filing will be finished in a single day, and you'll have three days to start using the TM symbol. Instabizfilings makes things as easy as possible as a result.
Additionally, the following step after filing a trademark is to track your application online. This is owing to the fact that the trademark registration procedure takes between 9 and 16 months, thus it is advised to maintain a careful eye on the status of the trademark application in order to avoid having it rejected for failure to submit timely responses to the trademark department.
Trade mark registration gives the proprietor the right to exclusive use of the mark in respect of the goods or services covered by it. Possibly the most important reason for registration of a trade mark is the powerful remedies against un-authorised use. A trade mark registration allows the proprietor to sue for infringement and to obtain very powerful remedies such as interdict, delivery up infringing articles and damages. At the same time, the trade mark infringement provisions do not preclude a person.
A very important reason for registration is to create the trade mark as an identifiable intangible property in the legal sense. Trade mark registration is a value store or receptacle of the value attaching to the reputation or goodwill that the product enjoys. A common law trade mark attaches to the goodwill and, generally speaking, the goodwill is not severable from the business in its entirety. This has the practical effect that an unregistered trade mark will never have a separate and independent existence. It will always form part of the goodwill and it will always be attached to the business. The only way in which to acquire a common law trade mark is to acquire the business as a going concern. Trade mark registration, by contrast, can be transferred like any other asset owned by a person or a company.
Right to use Symbol R or ®
Once the trade marks is registered the symbol ® or “R” or word “Registered” may be used for the goods and services listed in the registration.
1. Product - A product mark is product used to identify a single product. They are used to avoid any duplicity of the product and also to safeguard product category.
2. Service - A service mark is used to distinguish the services of an organisation rather than products. The service mark is used for intangible products.
3. Shape - The shape marks can be categorized in Trade Dress wherein, other than the logo, label, and other identifiable symbols; a product can also be distinguished based on its packaging.
4. Pattern - The general meaning of pattern is a repetition of similar design, so it is a type of trademark wherein the pattern is able to distinguish the product and services of one brand from another.
5. Collective - Collective marks are linked with a group of people and not one single product or service. These kind of trademarks are primarily owned by a firm, institutes or any association that is related to several members.
6. Certification - Certification mark is created to display the standard of a company or organization i.e. it is to show that a trader's goods or services are certified as meeting particular standards.
7. Sound - Sound form of trademarks are the "mark" consist of sound graphics that distinguishes the products and services of one from the other. The notations of sound that are graphically represented can be registered as trademarks.
8. Color - The colour combinations become the brand itself and become known by it for that particular product. The public tends to associate the scheme with the specific product.
9. Word - A word mark is a distinct text of the name of the company/product name for the purpose of branding. Thus it is specifically text based unlike a logo that represents a pictorial image.
10. Device - A device is a printed/painted figure/design/character. They do not consist of any letters/words/numerals etc.
11.Packaging - All the contents featured on top of the packaging, i.e. the names, slogans etc. can be trademarked. This can stop a competitor from using a deceivingly similar packaging for their product.
Classification of goods and services – Name of the classes
(Parts of an article or apparatus are, in general, classified with the actual article or apparatus, except where such parts constitute articles included in other classes).
Class 1. Chemical used in industry, science, photography, agriculture, horticulture and forestry; unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; manures; fire extinguishing compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs; tanning substances; adhesive used in industry
Class 2 . Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colorants; mordents; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for painters; decorators; printers and artists
Class 3 . Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning; polishing; scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions, dentifrices
Class 4 . Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels(including motor spirit) and illuminants; candles, wicks
Class 5 . Pharmaceutical, veterinary and sanitary preparations; dietetic substances adapted for medical use, food for babies; plasters, materials for dressings; materials for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparation for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides
Class 6. Common metals and their alloys; metal building materials;
transportable buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway tracks; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; safes; goods of common metal not included in other classes; ores
Class 7 . Machines and machine tools; motors and engines (except for land vehicles); machine coupling and transmission components (except for land vehicles); agricultural implements other than hand-operated; incubators for eggs
Class 8 . Hand tools and implements (hand-operated); cutlery; side arms; razors
Class 9 . Scientific, nautical, surveying, electric, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; automatic vending machines and mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment and computers; fire extinguishing apparatus
Class 10 . Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopaedic articles; suture materials
Class 11 . Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes
Class 12 . Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water
Class 13 . Firearms; ammunition and projectiles; explosives; fire works
Class 14 . Precious metals and their alloys and goods in precious metals or coated therewith, not included in other classes; jewellery, precious stones; horological and other chronometric instruments
Class 15. Musical instruments
Class 16 . Paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; artists' materials; paint brushes; typewriters and office requisites (except furniture); instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic materials for packaging (not included in other classes); playing cards; printers' type; printing blocks
Class 17 . Rubber, gutta percha, gum, asbestos, mica and goods made from these materials and not included in other classes; plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, not of metal
Class 18 . Leather and imitations of leather, and goods made of these materials and not included in other classes; animal skins, hides, trunks and travelling bags; umbrellas, parasols and walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery
Class 19 . Building materials, (non-metallic), non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments, not of metal.
Class 20 . Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; goods(not included in other classes) of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother- of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastics
Class 21 . Household or kitchen utensils and containers(not of precious metal or coated therewith); combs and sponges; brushes(except paints brushes); brush making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; steelwool; unworked or semi-worked glass (except glass used in building); glassware, porcelain and earthenware not included in other classes
Class 22 . Ropes, string, nets, tents, awnings, tarpaulins, sails, sacks and bags (not included in other classes) padding and stuffing materials(except of rubber or plastics); raw fibrous textile materials
Class 23 . Yarns and threads, for textile use
Class 24 . Textiles and textile goods, not included in other classes; bed and table covers.
Class 25 . Clothing, footwear, headgear
Class 26 . Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers
Class 27 . Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings(non-textile)
Class 28 . Games and playthings, gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes; decorations for Christmas trees
Class 29 . Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, fruit sauces; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats
Class 30 . Coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, sago, artificial coffee; flour and preparations made from cereals, bread, pastry and confectionery, ices; honey, treacle; yeast, baking powder; salt, mustard; vinegar, sauces, (condiments); spices; ice
Class 31. Agricultural, horticultural and forestry products and grains not included in other classes; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds, natural plants and flowers; foodstuffs for animals, malt
Class 32 . Beers, mineral and aerated waters, and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages
Class 33 .Alcoholic beverages(except beers)
Class 34 . Tobacco, smokers' articles, matches
Class 35 .Advertising, business management, business administration, office functions.
Class 36 .Insurance, financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs.
Class 37 . Building construction; repair; installation services.
Class 38. Telecommunications.
Class 39. Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement.
Class 40. Treatment of materials.
Class 41. Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities.
Class 42. Scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software.
Class 43. Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation.
Class 44. Medical services, veterinary services, hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture and forestry services.
Class 45. Legal services; security services for the protection of property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals.
Step 1: Public Search of Trademark
Our expert team will analyse the Trademark name to applied for with the Trademark Public Registry accordingly informing you about the chances of obtaining the mark and if any necessary changes can be made to the word to invent or coin some words to make it unique.
Step 2: Preparation of TM Application
On the basis of the documents and information, our team will prepare the necessary documents along with TM Application
Step 3: Filing of TM Application
The experts shall e-file the application with the TM Authorities and accordingly share with you the submitted application along with receipt.
Step 4: Examination of TM Application by TM Authorities
Once the application is dispatched, the Registrar of Trademark will check out whether you have followed certain terms and that your brand name complies with, the existing law. Moreover, there should not be any similarity or identical with any existing or pending brands for the registration. This is the reason why we preferred you to choose a quirky brand name!
Step 5: Publication of TM in Trademark Journal
After the process of examination, the Registrar of Trademark will publish your brand name in the Indian trademark journal. This is certainly the most important part of the trademark registration and there should not be any opposition within 3 months, i.e. 90 days (or 120 days in some cases), from the date of publication. When there is no opposition, the Registrar of Trademark will proceed towards issuance of Trademark Registration Certificate.
Step 6: Trademark Opposition
If there is any opposition by a third party within 3 months of the trademark publication in the trademarks journal, the Registrar of Trademarks will give you a copy of the notice of the opposition. You need to reply to the opposition notice by filing a counter-statement within months. If you do not submit the counter statement within 2 months, the trademark application will be considered to have been abandoned and rejected.
However, if there is no opposition within 3 months, this step will not apply to you, and your brand name is proceeding towards acceptance for the issuance of Trademark Registration Certificate.
Step 7: Trademark Registration
The Registrar will accept your trademark application if there’s no opposition being raised within the stipulated period of 90 days or on acceptance of your trademark application after trademark opposition hearing.
Right from the moment you have been issued with your certificate, you can use the registered trademark symbol (®) beside your brand name.Thus, with this blog post, we feel that even a beginner can understand all about creating a brand name and registering it successfully.
• Logo, if applicable.
• Identity proof of the trademark owner
• Incorporation certificate, if company or LLP
• Address proof
Note: Logo is not mandatory. Word alone can be trademarked.
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1. Copy of PAN & Aadhar of the Applicant;
2. Incorporation certificate, in case of Company or LLP;
3. MSME/Udhyam Certificate, in case of Company or LLP;
4. Logo, if applicable.
A registered trademark has a period of validity that stretches up to 10 years before it has to be renewed again. However, the renewal process may be initiated only within one year before the expiry of the registered trademark.
Trademark Registration is a lengthy process and it takes around 18-24 months to obtain registration in a straight-forward case, without any objections or oppositions. However, the trademark application number is usually issued within one or 2 days after filing.
The trademarks in India are registered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks, (Office of the Registrar of Trademarks), Ministry of Industry and Commerce, Government of India.
Government Fees applicable is Rs. 4,500/- incase of Proprietor / Firm / Company having MSME / Udhyam Registration. In case of Others - Rs. 9,000/- per application.
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